Despite the golf courses have been under fire since a long time for the supposed environmental and landscape impact on the territory, the respect for nature and the biodiversity preservation, intended as the individuals’ multitude in the same habitat, have played an increasing important role in the management of our course.
A first step in this direction has been done by reducing the pesticides amount applied to the turf grass, rationalizing the distribution and promoting alternative agricultural maintenance practices that keep the turf in good health, with a reduced environmental impact. We also decided to keep uncultivated certain rough areas; these areas have a vital role in maintaining biodiversity. In addition to tipical golf course grasses like Tall fescue, Sheep fescue and Kentucky bluegrass, there are legumes such as sulla (Hedysarum coronarium) or alfalfa (Medicago sativa), and numerous other wildflower species. These rough areas are used by local wildlife as a transition, feeding, stopover or nesting point. The showy and colorful blooms are also indispensable for promoting fundamental ecosystemic processes, such as pollination. Between a hole and the other, very popular shrubs in our area like broom (Cytisus scoparius) or juniper (Juniperus communis) are allowed to grow naturally, while elsewhere predominate natural bramble hedges (Rubus ulmifolius) that make up a great shelter and food source for wild birds and small mammals. Thus, in the golf course Ugolino, it is created an environmental mosaic composed of several habitats that are woven into ecological corridors attractive to a large number of animals: small reptiles such as toads and some species of nonpoisonous snakes, native birds such as pigeons, woodpeckers and pheasants, and mammals such as hares, foxes and even many deer. These are just some of the pleasant meetings throughout a walk in our field.